What Are Some Different Printing Presses?

Printing is a method for mass producing copies of various texts and images with a master copy. The oldest of paper products involved in printing technology include cylinder seals and other objects like the famous Cyrus Cylinder and the cylinder seals of Nabonidus, which were used in the early 6th century BC. These cylinder seals are made from bronze, gold and silver with sometimes copper or gold plating.


Early printers used inkjet and needle printers, which required individual adjustments of printing rollers to obtain the desired result. Modern printers use various technologies including electronic, laser, thermal and printhead to reproduce the final printed copy. Modern printing techniques include flexography, vertical printing and offset printing. In the past, printing involved a “page press” controlled by the printer operator with a roller to stamp out a page. Printing from the “stamp” press was less successful due to excessive heat damage to delicate engraved or etched items. However, in the last century, printing has become highly advanced with new techniques and materials, such as digital printheads and thermoforming, resulting in much improved printing quality and more durable products.

Most modern printers use either a paper tray or an LCD screen to feed paper into the printing head. After printing, most printers simply clean the heads and rollers to prevent build up of dust and other material to reduce wear. Some printers employ a hot water rinse, where heated water is sprayed on the printed surface to remove excess oil, dirt or grease. Cleaning a printing device is usually a simple process involving running warm water through the heads and wiping with a soft cloth.

In addition to printing the written word, some printing machines also print images. This is commonly done via lithography, which involves using inkjet or laser paper to imprint a design directly onto a metal surface. The process of printing images is generally more expensive than printing the written word due to greater complexity and material. However, some printing companies now offer image printing on a PC.

Other types of printing that may not be visible to the consumer include photographic printing, image production printing. Photographic printing uses one or more colored plates, which are inserted into the machine for the printing process. Depending on the quality of the image and the type of printing used, the number of color plates can range from three to nine. With a digital camera, it is possible to create high quality photographic prints out of a regular photograph.

Image production printing is often used to print high quality photographic images on a large format document. It is often used as part of the advertising and marketing campaigns undertaken by most commercial ventures. This process involves printing large quantities of text or images to produce compelling advertisements that spark interest and sales. Due to the fact that this type of printing is time consuming, most businesses opt to outsource this type of printing to companies that specialize in this kind of print service.

Press printing is done on a standard inkjet printer. Inkjet printers, when used in full-page printing, utilize a ribbon ink jet system to transfer printing media from an ink jet plate onto paper. This service is commonly used for mass print runs and offers higher printing quality than standard printing processes. Typically, it is less expensive than litho printing, though it does require special paper in order to achieve a quality finish. In addition, press plates must be replaced on a regular basis in order to keep the image looking its best.

Movable type printing press was developed in the early 1900s by the German printer Gunzeler. This printing press uses a large printing plate to deposit ink on a china surface. The china must then be heated until it melts and transfers the ink directly to paper. Like the printing press, movable type China machines must be replaced on a regular basis in order to maintain the quality of the images. This equipment is most commonly found in universities.